Effects of a compensatory dry-land training program on shoulder posture and scapular position of competitive female swimmers

Autores/as

  • João Paulo Sousa Departamento de Desporto e Saúde, Escola de Ciência e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora (Portugal)
  • João Malta Departamento de Desporto e Saúde, Escola de Ciência e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora (Portugal)
  • Ana Carrageta Departamento de Desporto e Saúde, Escola de Ciência e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora (Portugal)
  • Nuno Batalha Departamento de Desporto e Saúde, Escola de Ciência e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora (Portugal)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21134/riaa.v3i6.374

Resumen

Background: Competitive swimmers place a significant demand on the shoulder adductors and internal rotator muscles due to the repetitive nature of swimming movements.

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of a compensatory dry-land training program on the shoulder posture and scapular position of competitive female swimmers

Method: 25 National Level female competitive swimmers received an 8-week intervention program focused on strengthening of posterior shoulder girdle muscles and stretching of anterior shoulder muscles. The study sample was exposed to a control period of 2 weeks and an intervention period of 8 weeks.

Results: Significant differences were found after the intervention period, on both dominant and non-dominant sides, with respect to shoulder protraction (distance between the anterior aspect of the acromion to the wall – p < .05) and scapular abduction (distance between a medial line marked over the thoracic spinal process and the medial border of spina scapulae – p < .05; and distance between a medial line marked over the thoracic spinal process and the medial border of the spina scapulae – p < .05).

Conclusions: The results revealed that the incorporation of a compensatory dry-land training program alongside a normal in-water training significantly reduced the distance of shoulder posture in protraction and scapular position in abduction.

Key words: shoulder protraction, scapular abduction, dry-land training, swimming, female.

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Publicado

2019-09-29

Cómo citar

Sousa, J. P., Malta, J., Carrageta, A., & Batalha, N. (2019). Effects of a compensatory dry-land training program on shoulder posture and scapular position of competitive female swimmers. Revista De Investigación En Actividades Acuáticas, 3(6), 45-52. https://doi.org/10.21134/riaa.v3i6.374

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